- Last Updated on Wednesday, 13 June 2012 10:09
- Published on Tuesday, 06 March 2012 00:00
- Written by David Brewer
Are you qualified to be a journalist?
What are the best qualifications for becoming a journalist?
After spotting this question posted by would-be journalists on the sub Reddit real journalism I put it to senior editors on the Media Helping Media LinkedIn group and asked them what is the best degree for a career in journalism?
The following are some tips that might help those starting off in a career in the media.
Image by Suzanne C Walker and released under Creative Commons.
Life experience, humanities and social sciences
Dr Eric Loo from the University of Wollongong looked back to the days when a high school certificate sufficed for entry level journalism. That’s no longer the case, he wrote.
I'd look for candidates with a modicum of life experience, those who can show a capacity to look at local and world issues from different cultural and political perspectives.
A degree holder in humanities or social sciences who can write and communicate clearly is preferred to a journalism graduate.
A high school certificate sufficed for entry level reporting during my time in the 70s.
We learned to report on the job, walked the streets, knocked on doors. The phone was our only tool to connect with the human voice.
Those were the days of ‘shoe leather’ journalism. We were expected to be out on a job or on the phone.
What a great vocation it was then. A craft that cadet reporters learned on the job, mentored by no-nonsense taciturn news editors who also rose up the ranks by experience.
Apart from the ability to write in plain language, reporters were hired for their ‘nose for news’. They were the ‘go-getters’, the super-generalists, those who know a little about a lot, the ‘Jack/Jill of all trades and master of none’.
But then, things got more complicated with media competition and globalization. Editors needed reporters who can look at issues beyond their immediate environment, to interpret from different angles - ‘Jack/Jill of all trades and master of some’ (specialist knowledge).
Higher academic learning in any field is an essential requirement now for entry level reporting.
This is based on the assumption that university studies equal higher analytical and critical thinking to complement life’s experience.
Assumptions sometimes can be wrong though. Nonetheless, all things being equal, university graduates (in any field) are more likely to be better informed and ‘educated’ than one who is not. It’s a grey area.
Perhaps the question is what type of life experience better prepares one for a career in journalism, rather than a university degree (which has long been an essential requirement).
Higher academic learning in any field is an essential requirement now for entry level reporting
Attitude and aptitude are essential for all journalists
Despite working as a journalist for 37 years, Harishchandra Bhat’s LinkedIn profile says he is still studying.
Eric is perfectly correct in his assessment. It is not the degree that counts, but attitude and aptitude.
One has to have the sense of proportion, nose for the news and public interest in mind. Non Matriculates (non-graduates) have made it big in the profession.
Journalists are born, not made.
Journalists are born, not made
Specialist knowledge can be really useful
Nick Raistrick - Media Development Director at East Africa Cup says specialisms can come in valuable.
I'm often asked this and tend to advise against a journalism degree: partly because journalism is competitive and people who want to be a journalist when they are 17 or 18 may not feel the same way when they see the starting salaries (or years of unpaid work ahead of them) when they are 22.
I think it's still a vocational career and it depends on what kind of journalism you want to do, but specialist knowledge on a topic can be really useful. I wrote loads of educational features after having taught for years, for example.
Remember that lots of journalists are English/humanities graduates, so there can often be a demand for people who can do a good science story, for example.
Journalism is a vocational career and it depends on what kind of journalism you want to do
History and languages are important
Nick Walshe a TV news and media consultant says learn a specialism first and consider studying journalism later.
To be an international journalist, do a languages degree - Mandarin, Arabic, Spanish, Russian, Swahili, French all cover a big chunk of the world.
Ideally do a joint degree with two languages.
To be a journalist in the Middle East, and probably anywhere else, study history - if you don't know what's gone before, you haven't got a chance of explaining what's happening now.
If you've got the money, finish off with a one-year Masters focused on practical journalism. You can learn journalism once you've got a basic grounding in something else.
You can learn journalism once you've got a basic grounding in something else
Curiosity, critical thinking and a hunger for news
Magda Abu-Fadil, director at Media Unlimited says basic journalistic instincts are important.
I've worked in the field, taught the subject, co-authored a book on journalism curricula, and trained professionals. There's no one-size-fits-all.
Good grounding in the liberal arts plus courses on the subject at hand are ideal (provided the academic program is up to snuff and keeps up with the fast-changing technology and landscape), but that's not the only answer.
Many a stellar journalist didn't get a degree in communication, journalism or media studies. I did because I wanted to. But as Nick Walshe said, being multilingual is imperative if one is to cover international affairs.
Curiosity, critical thinking, a hunger for news, a burning desire to tell a good story, regardless of the medium or platform, and a dedication to accuracy, fairness, balance and media ethics would be a good start.
A lot also has to do with experience. So acquiring experience while learning is added value.
A lot also has to do with experience. So acquiring experience while learning is added value
If you have any comments you want to add to the LinkedIn discussion
you are welcome to join in or you can add your comments in the box at the foot of this piece. Thanks to Eric, Harishchandra, Nick, Magda and Nick for allowing me to use their comments from the LinkedIn discussion
The author of this piece, David Brewer, is a journalist and media strategy consultant who set up and runs Media Helping Media. He delivers media strategy training and consultancy services worldwide. His business details are at Media Ideas International Ltd. He tweets @helpingmedia.
Note: The image used in this piece and on the front page of the site was taken by Suzanne C Walker and released under creative commons - thanks Suzanne.